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In 1863 the Confederate Congress threatened to punish severely officers of black troops and to enslave black soldiers.As a result, President Lincoln issued General Order 233, threatening reprisal on Confederate prisoners of war (POWs) for any mistreatment of black troops.It also made lasting cultural impressions across imaginative and material American landscapes, including the gradual growth of a complex tourist industry built upon memory, patriotism, and consumerism, and the immediate expression of a deeply rooted, though politically sensitive, religious attachment to a distinctly southern way of life.The Civil War, however, was a major turning point in American history for another reason as well: it transformed attitudes toward death and practices surrounding the corpse in the United States.The document featured with this article is a recruiting poster directed at black men during the Civil War.It refers to efforts by the Lincoln administration to provide equal pay for black soldiers and equal protection for black POWs.
S., let him get an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pocket, there is no power on earth that can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship." The issues of emancipation and military service were intertwined from the onset of the Civil War. They were turned away, however, because a Federal law dating from 1792 barred Negroes from bearing arms for the U. army (although they had served in the American Revolution and in the War of 1812).
Nevertheless, the soldiers served with distinction in a number of battles.
Black infantrymen fought gallantly at Milliken's Bend, LA; Port Hudson, LA; Petersburg, VA; and Nashville, TN.
Two days later, slavery was abolished in the territories of the United States, and on July 22 President Lincoln (photo citation: 111-B-2323) presented the preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his Cabinet.
After the Union Army turned back Lee's first invasion of the North at Antietam, MD, and the Emancipation Proclamation was subsequently announced, black recruitment was pursued in earnest.